Site planning is the art and science of arranging the structures on the land and shaping the spaces between. Site planning generally begins by assessing a potential site for development through site analysis. The design process culminates with detailed planning within the scope of a masterplan.
The process of planning for a development project is organising the spaces according to land use zoning, access, circulation, privacy, security, shelter, services, land drainage, and other factors. Site planning generally begins by assessing a potential site for development through site analysis. By identifying areas that are best suited for development, the planner or architect can assess the optimal location and design a structure. After the site analysis, conceptual zoning is done.
The process of organizing land is done by integrating physical features such as climate, vegetation, gradation or landform, hydrology, wildlife if any, and other notable features with architectural requirements such as access and circulation pattern, zoning as per regulation, open spaces, integration of colour and texture of materials, views and use of other physical features, etc.
Thus, the design process shall include:
a) Site Analysis.
b) Conceptual Zoning
c) Organizing vehicular and pedestrian circulation
d) Forming land-use plans and setting out of services
e) Designing visual form and material concepts
f) Environmental Sustainability